(as) Input Files
(as) Command Line
1.5 Input Files
We use the phrase "source program", abbreviated "source", to describe
the program input to one run of `as'. The program may be in one or
more files; how the source is partitioned into files doesn't change the
meaning of the source.
The source program is a concatenation of the text in all the files,
in the order specified.
Each time you run `as' it assembles exactly one source program. The
source program is made up of one or more files. (The standard input is
also a file.)
You give `as' a command line that has zero or more input file names.
The input files are read (from left file name to right). A command
line argument (in any position) that has no special meaning is taken to
be an input file name.
If you give `as' no file names it attempts to read one input file
from the `as' standard input, which is normally your terminal. You may
have to type <ctl-D> to tell `as' there is no more program to assemble.
Use `--' if you need to explicitly name the standard input file in
your command line.
If the source is empty, `as' produces a small, empty object file.
Filenames and Line-numbers
There are two ways of locating a line in the input file (or files) and
either may be used in reporting error messages. One way refers to a
line number in a physical file; the other refers to a line number in a
"logical" file. Error and Warning Messages Errors.
"Physical files" are those files named in the command line given to
"Logical files" are simply names declared explicitly by assembler
directives; they bear no relation to physical files. Logical file
names help error messages reflect the original source file, when `as'
source is itself synthesized from other files. `as' understands the
`#' directives emitted by the `gcc' preprocessor. See also
(as) Command Line
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